Ghetto Pass

- Evelyn Pike Rubin
Evelyn Pike Rubin was born in 1930 in Breslau, Germany, and came to Shanghai with her parents in 1939. In 1947, she emigrated to the USA. Evelyn is featured in the award-winning documentary film Shanghai Ghetto. She has just published the third edition of her memoir, GHETTO SHANGHAI. Evelyn lectures on the Holocaust and immigrant Jewish history in local schools, synagogues and other institutions.
“The ghetto exits were guarded. A bureau for Stateless Refugees had been set up at 70 Muirhead Road, headed by Tsutomo Kutoba. Kutoba hired two men named Ghoya and Okura to administer a pass system under which we could be permitted to leave the ghetto environs. A blue, or seasonal pass, required renewal every three months, while a pink pass required monthly renewal. This pass consisted of a card with a photograph, stating the sectors of the city the bearer would be permitted to travel to, and a little metal badge with the Chinese character Tong-(May pass)-which had to be worn all the times outside the ghetto area. If it was removed, and the individual was stopped by Japanese occupation soldiers, there could be in trouble. The pass, even if valid, would be confiscated, never to be renewed, and the individual could end up in jail. Curfew for return into the ghetto was 6.00 P.M.. ” —Ghetto Shanghai